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It is important to point out that feeding mealworms to bluebirds is not necessary.  These birds can manage to feed their babies and live well on their own.  Some of the reasons it is acceptable to supplement their diet are: (1.) One mate is missing and only one adult is caring for the babies,  (2.) In the very cold climates when the earth is frozen and covered with snow and ice for longer than one week,  (3.) To take pictures and/or movies of these beautiful birds. 

If you do feed them for pleasure and/or picture taking, you must be careful not to give them too much food so they continue to hunt and forage in their normal way.  Once they have been trained to come to the feeder, they should be able to eat all the mealworms offered in less than 2 minutes!  In general for an adult pair I'd give them one to two teaspoonfuls of mealworms once a day.  For two adults with babies I'd give them three teaspoonfuls a day.  This way the adults and babies will remain independent and continue to hunt for food on their own.  However, they do love the treat and will come when they know the free food is coming...

The videos below were taken of a pair of Bluebirds and their four babies in the 2012 season.  They laid five eggs, four of which hatched and the four babies are with their parents daily.  In the beginning I had to whistle a special tune for them to come and get the mealworms.  Later on they knew me well and would come when they saw me (even if I was working in the orchard and not bringing them any mealworms!)  Since I now live in California, these are Western Bluebirds. They are just as wonderful to know as the Eastern Bluebirds (which I used to care for in Maryland.)
 

Episode Title Description and Document attributes
Interesting relationship develops between an Oak Titmouse and the three Western Bluebirds.  This is the same family of WEBL, one baby remains with her parents after four months.  Please read the paragraph below the video to find the details.  Click here. 1:30 video on YouTube showing the same Bluebird family (dad, mom and daughter) with a new friend, an Oak Titmouse. 
Two of the four babies feeding on their own. To see this video  Click here. 0:48 video on YouTube.  Now two of the four babies are seen eating on their own!  At the end of the video they suddenly fly away and you will see the Blue Jay that scared them off...
Baby being fed by his dad. To see this video  Click here. 1:53 video on YouTube.   Note the "wing waving," in this case begging for food. Adults use wing waving during the "courting" period before making a nest.  At this time I no longer need to whistle as they know about the feeder. 
Both parents feeding babies in the nestbox.  Click here. 1:45 video on YouTube.  Here both parents are taking food for the babies which are still in the nestbox
Dad feeding mom and babies inside the nestbox.  Click here. 2:08 video on YouTube.  Dad doing his job feeding the whole family!

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